Many artefacts and cultural heritage had been both lost or looted, important components of the state archive – Lithuanian Metrica, collected since the 13th century, were lost and the remaining lituania girls is moved in another country. During the Northern Wars (1655–1661), the Lithuanian territory and financial system had been devastated by the Swedish military. Almost all territory of Grand Duchy of Lithuania was occupied by Swedish and Russian armies.
Lithuania is top 5 by consumption of beer per capita in Europe in 2015, counting seventy five active breweries, 32 of them are microbreweries. The microbrewery scene in Lithuania has been growing in later years, with a number of bars focusing on these beers popping up in Vilnius and in addition in different components of the country. According to the World Bank, the literacy price amongst Lithuanians aged 15 years and older is one hundred%. School attendance rates are above the EU common and college depart is much less common than in the EU. According to Eurostat Lithuania leads amongst different international locations of the European Union in folks with secondary training (93.3%).
It launched elements of political equality between townspeople and the Aristocracy, and positioned the peasants underneath the protection of the government, thus mitigating the worst abuses of serfdom. It banned parliamentary establishments such as the liberum veto, which had put the Sejm on the mercy of any deputy who might revoke all the legislation that had been passed by that Sejm. It was drafted in relation to a duplicate of the United States Constitution. Others have referred to as it the world's second-oldest codified national governmental structure after the 1787 U.S.
About 20% of the consumed water within the state is a non-filtered very high quality water. The Port of Klaipėda is the only commercial cargo port in Lithuania. In .5 million tons of cargo had been dealt with (including Būtingė oil terminal figures) Port of Klaipėda is outside of EU's 20 largest ports, but it is the eighth largest port in the Baltic Sea area with ongoing growth plans. Lithuania acquired its first railway connection in the middle of the nineteenth century, when the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway was constructed. It included a stretch from Daugavpils via Vilnius and Kaunas to Virbalis.
Lithuanian financial system is highly open and International trade is crucial. As a outcome, the ratio of overseas trade to GDP for Lithuania has often exceeded a hundred%. There are more than 600,000 m2 of modern logistics and warehousing amenities in Lithuania. Kaunas is in the second place (around 200,000 m2), and Klaipėda in the third (122,500 m2). Since the start of the year 2009, costs for warehousing premises have dropped by 20–25% in Vilnius, Kaunas, and Klaipėda, and the current degree of rents has reached the extent of 2003.
For this purpose, it is an important supply for the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European language regardless of its late attestation (with the earliest texts dating only to c. 1500). Nowadays, as a member of the NATO, the European Union, and Eurozone, Lithuania’s life science sector is rising around 20–25% yearly; with particular focus on the manufacturing and analysis of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and medical devices. Many of the merchandise developed in Lithuania are geared in direction of international markets, with 90% of all life science services and products being exported around the globe. The EU is the most important commerce associate of Lithuania with a sixty seven% of whole imports and sixty one.3% of total exports throughout 2015. The Commonwealth of Independent States is the second financial union that Lithuania trades the most with, with a share of imports of 25% and a share of exports of 23.9% throughout the same interval.
Lithuania has granted a complete of 39 e-cash licenses, second within the EU only to the U.K. In 2018 Google setup a payment company in Lithuania, Vilnius was ranked a seventh FinTech city by international direct investment (FDI) efficiency in 2019. Lithuania was the first country to declare independence from Soviet Union in 1990 and quickly moved from centrally planned to a market economy, implementing numerous liberal reforms.
The Act was the primary such declaration in the USSR and later served as a model, inspiration to different Soviet republics, and strongly influenced the dissolution of the USSR. However, 1000's of Lithuanian families risking their lives also protected Jews from the Holocaust. Israel has recognized 893 Lithuanians (as of 1 January 2018) as Righteous Among the Nations for risking their lives to avoid wasting Jews during the Holocaust. When Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, Lithuanians began the anti-Soviet June Uprising, organized by the Lithuanian Activist Front.
The EU pursues a really high normal of food security and purity. In 1999, the Seimas (parliament) of Lithuania adopted a Law on Product Safety, and in 2000 it adopted a Law on Food. The reform of the agricultural market has been carried out on the idea of those two legal guidelines. The stamp is devoted to Lithuania's presidency of the European Union.
Consequently, Lithuania is certainly one of very few European nations where groundwater is used for centralized water supply. With a big underground recent water reserves, Lithuania exports mineral-rich water to different countries. Approved mineral water amount is about 2.7 million cubic meters per 12 months, while production is just four–5 % of all mineral water resources. The Lithuanian National Defence Policy aims to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state, the integrity of its land, territorial waters and airspace, and its constitutional order.
In 1940, Lithuania was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union, and forced to affix it because the Lithuanian SSR. The Germans and their allies attacked the USSR in June 1941, and from 1941—1944, Lithuania was occupied by Germany. The Germans retreated in 1944, and Lithuania fell underneath Soviet rule once again.
The Helsinki Group knowledgeable the Western world concerning the scenario within the Soviet Lithuania and violations of human rights. With the beginning of the elevated openness and transparency in authorities institutions and activities (glasnost) within the Soviet Union, on three June 1988, the Sąjūdis was established in Lithuania. The supporters of Sąjūdis joined movement's groups throughout Lithuania. On 23 August 1988 a big rally happened on the Vingis Park in Vilnius. A year later, on 23 August 1989 celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and aiming to draw the eye of the whole world to the occupation of the Baltic States, a political demonstration, the Baltic Way, was organized.
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania’s attainment is usually ignored or belittled as a result of its neighbors Estonia and Latvia have carried out related miracles, however they're all true heroes, and Lithuania’s remedy seems remarkable also amongst this robust competition. The complete worth of pure resources in Lithuania reached €17 billion, or half of Lithuania's GDP. The most valuable pure useful resource in the country is subterranean water, which constitutes more than half of the whole value of pure assets.
Not a single one that defended Lithuanian Parliament or other state institutions used a weapon, but the Soviet Army did. A massive part of the Lithuanian population participated in the January Events. Simonas Daukantas promoted a return to Lithuania's pre-Commonwealth traditions, which he depicted as a Golden Age of Lithuania and a renewal of the native culture, primarily based on the Lithuanian language and customs.